Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Out Back SA and Queensland 2010

 July 5 – 19, 2010

Water water everwhere

Hi Birding-Aus Birdos

I have just returned from an incredible two weeks in outback South Oz and Queensland with my twitcher son Tait. We started in Adelaide in my faithful old Paj, up the Birdsville Track, then on to Mt Isa, across to Kingfisher Park via Normanton and Georgetown, then to Townsville, zigzagging across inland Queensland and finally, down the Strzelecki Track and back to Adelaide. All up 5500km. Best of all, incident free - apart from one shredded tyre on the Strzelecki, a smashed windscreen near Georgetown and smacking a roo in the middle of Queensland – other than that, incident free.

The main reason for the trip was to witness the transformation of the arid zone by the two years of well above average rainfall and to pick up a few niggling inland species which had so far proved hard to find. This year would of course afford the best opportunity to see them with recruitment of populations probable after the rains.

Highlights for me were seeing five species of grasswren and the breathtaking abundance of life in the otherwise arid outback. It really was spectacular and worth the effort if you can do it.

Day 1, July 5.

We kicked off driving straight up to Mt Lyndhurst to visit the famous Chestnut - breasted Whiteface sites at the two gates and rusty car. It was bitterly cold and the sun was low in the sky by the time we started but nevertheless still managed good sightings of Thick-billed Grasswrens, Rufous Fieldwren, along with enormous parties of White-winged Fairywrens with up to four or five fully coloured males in the group. Zebra Finches were also here in numbers and were to be our constant companions everywhere we went in the inland areas. No CBWF however. 
The rusty car. It didn't go
Day 2, July 6.

After an easy night at the shearers quarters at Mt Lyndhurst we headed back to the rusty car and put in a concerted effort on the CBWF. I have already been to this location several times before but no cigar on the CBWF. We searched high and low and wide all round the little rocky hills near the mine and actually did locate a small party of CBWF but they were too far off to identify with surety. We did see all the usual suspects, such as Cinnamon Quail Thrush, Chirruping Wedgebills, Thick-billed Grasswrens, Little Crow, Spiny Cheeked HE, Emu and the other common species but the Whiteface eluded us.  I had read a report on the net concerning a survey of the CBFW which indicated the best place to look was actually about 500 metres north of the rusty car. Half-heartedly we poked around the low vegetation in the area and as I followed a White-winged Fairywren stumbled upon a party of six or seven CBWF which sat obliging on top of the acacia shrubs and we were able watch them for some time. Brilliant! The relief was palpable and my life as a South Oz birdo had gained new meaning and consequence – pathetic I know – but what can you do?

As we returned to the vehicle another group of similarly desperate souls drove in, their anxious faces etched with the hours of wasted time spent searching for these elusive birds. Fortunately as an experienced observer of these rare birds I was able to magnanimously point them in the right direction with a serene and detached benevolence. As they scampered off in the direction of the CBWF stepping on the heads of Grasswrens and Quail Thrush on the way I could only shake my head at the sad plight of the poor unfortunate souls who, unlike my good self, had yet to attain the proper kind of spiritual growth required to look upon such rare beauty.


The serenity didn’t last long however as we headed north up the Birdsville track where we hoped to encounter the Eyrean Grasswren – another nemesis bird which back in drought of 2008 had me hopelessly chasing them like a obsessed fool all over the sparsely clad sand hills with no good outcome. The further north we headed the more obvious the transformation of the country became. Enormous temporary wetlands and flocks of budgies, cockatiel and finches became the norm. We even saw Brolgas out of their normal range at Dulkaninna Station near the HS.

When we arrived at the swollen Cooper Creek we sat in the queue for the punt for three hours. I assumed that all the traffic must be other birders out and about to look for grasswrens like ourselves. But apparently most of them were sailors or friends of sailors here for a regatta on the Cooper just downstream. Anyway we spent the time birding around the river and backwaters and observed shed-loads of Grey Teal, Hardhead Ducks, Coots, Swans, Native Hens, Pelicans, Hoary-headed Grebe, Silver Gulls, Gull-billed Terns, and all the usual bush birds as well.

Day 3, July 7.

Next morning we passed into the dune country and at the first decent lump went for a quick scrounge to see if we could turn up a grasswren. The dunes were in stunning form. The cane grass was green and vital and the other plants all urgent with growth and colour. On the way over to the dune we were fortunate to jag a small party of Banded Whiteface, a tick for me and a nice bonus. No grasswrens here so we pressed on to Mungeranie Roadhouse. Incidentally an excellent camping site with a permanent wetland and some acacia trees for shelter. Nice.

After a short rest we tooled around the wetland for awhile spotting plenty of White-necked Heron, Rufus Night Heron, Great and Little Egret along with the usual water birds you might expect. The dunes just south of the roadhouse however were even more verdant. Around a kilometre south we discovered a veritable wonderland of life. Swirling flocks of Budgies, and Crimson and Orange Chats attended us everywhere. Again huge parties of White-winged Wrens up to twenty strong were commonly encountered and Pied HE, White-winged Trillers, Brown and Rufous Songlarks, Fairy and Tree Martins, and Black-faced Woodswallow were also numerous. The plant life was equally vivid with colour. Bit annoying really as it all served to divert out attention from the task at hand of finding Eyrean Grasswrens. Came across a fat happy dingo, doubtless full of fat unhappy birds. Anyway we did eventually find a family of grasswren but they did the usual grasswren thing and led us on a merry chase til they gave us the slip a hundred metres on. No worry as we just kept walking and stumbled upon another party of grasswrens which this time gave us sustained clear views. After that the swirling clouds of pretty little birds seemed quite nice really. Ah… the serenity. On the way back ended up seeing the first party of Eyrean Grasswren again but they knew the game was up, so sat out in the open in full sunlight without the smallest care in the world.

Buoyed by our success we pressed on to our next conquest of seeing the elusive Grey Grasswren. We figured that the lignum swamps common further up the track would be in good shape and that the Grey Grasswren populations might be in similarly good shape. Late on the third day we found our way to a venue somewhere on the Goyder Lagoon, the exact location escapes me as I write but whatever the case it was hard to believe we were a thousand kilometres from the sea in the middle of a desert. The swamp was an oasis of life brimming with all kinds of birds. Unbelievably we had hardly begun walking when we found our first party of Greys not even in the lignum but in the surrounding cane grass. It soon became apparent that the grasswren were actually concentrated on the edge of the swamp and we even found them in acacia shrubs surrounded by gibber at one point. All I had read and heard about Grey Grasswren did not prepare me for this. In all we came across at least four distinct parties of Grey Grasswrens and had continuous crippling views of them. At one point I cornered one in a small shrub and eventually pressed by face into the foliage and came eyeball to eyeball with the stubborn creature. Too good to be true. Also saw Spotted Harrier, three Flock Bronzewings and sixteen Inland Dotterel in the area too.

Day 4, July 8.

Next day we headed toward the border and found ourselves driving through vast wetlands that stretched from horizon to horizon. All three species of Ibis, Gull-billed terns, Royal and Yellow-billed Spoonbills, Pink-eared Ducks, Red-necked Avocets, Red-kneed Dotterel, Black-Fronted Dotterel and thousands of Australian Pratincole, and even more Black-tailed Native Hen were all over the muddy margins. We also saw huge flocks of Flock Bronzewings numbering thousands off in the distance. What is the collective term for Flock Bronzewings I wonder? Seems ridiculously tautological saying: “flock of Flock Bronzewings.” Anyway people ought to be flocking to see flocks of Flock Bronzewings I think.

Immediately over the border we came across a group of Bustards walking across the road and these were to be the first of many we would encounter over the next two days. From here on the road became a slithering sliding mess and the road to Bedourie took us over three hours to traverse. Nevertheless the roadside birding was spectacular. It was a strange thing to see Swamp Harriers in plenty hawking over gibber plains. If the Swamp Harriers could organise themselves they could take over the world under current circumstances.

The sand hills up near Bedourie were stunning and we would have liked to have spent more time there but we wanted to be in Mt Isa the next day to have a crack at the two grasswren species there. Too slushy underfoot to camp so we had a comfortable night in the Bedourie pub before heading off to Mt Isa.

Day 5, July 9.

Headed off toward Boulia. Nothing special to report along the road other than the frequent sightings of Bustards, and another huge flock of Flock Bronzewings near a bore. Can’t imagine why they needed a bore to slake their thirst. Also spied plenty of Red-backed Kingfishers and Spinifex Pigeons in the region.

We came across some enormous swarms of locusts in this region. Not the plague locusts more common down south but some sort of bigger, car-denting, monster version of the locust. Not one of these robots splattered on the windscreen. They were just too big and solid.

As we approached Mt Isa on the main road from Boulia in the middle afternoon we stopped in at the well known Kalkadoon Grasswren site at Sybella Creek. A top venue and reminiscent of the Kakadu sandstone plateau. No grasswrens sighted here but did see some Red-winged Parrots, Grey-headed and Grey-fronted Honeyeaters and Variegated Fairywren, Rainbowbirds, Striated Pardalote and Red-backed Kingfisher. A little further down the road we stopped in at Mica Creek and headed off to the right and up a very steep gully to a peak looking out toward Mt Isa. We headed over the peak to try to get back down to the main creek and unexpectedly flushed a Kalkadoon Grasswren near the top of the hill. It sat courteously in a tree giving us good binocular vision and gave a loud alarm call before weaving back to the valley floor where it joined the rest of its party. For the next hour we stumbled along the rickety rubble on the ridiculously steep slopes and every now and again one of the Kalkadoon Grasswrens would sit up just long enough to let us see the essential features. This was stunt-birding at its best. Nice; but life threatening.   

It was good to have the Kalkadoon under the belt so we could concentrate on finding the Carpentarian Grasswren the next day. We found one of those wonderful free camping sites so common in Queensland only a handful of kilometres from the turnoff to the well known Carpentarian Grasswren site.

Roadside campsite

Day 6, July 10.

Next morning we broke camp early and headed off. Along the way we were distracted by what looked like a Black-tailed Treecreeper but failed to find it but flushed a Spinifexbird instead which was a nice bonus.  Using the handheld GPS we soon pulled up at the famous site and set ourselves for a gruelling day-long search based on the reports posted on Birding-Aus. We had been spectacularly lucky with the grasswrens so far on this trip and surely our luck would wear thin. Within minutes of trudging into the bush however we heard the unmistakable call of a grasswren – behind us! Turning back to near where the Paj was parked we soon discovered a party of Carpentarian Grasswrens on the graded roadside which gave easy and sustained views. Unbelievable! In fact of all the grasswrens these were the loudest and easiest to follow. We stayed with them for some time as they slowly worked back along the creek. Two other birders turned up while we were there and Tait met them to direct them to where I was watching the birds. Makes you realise how powerful the Birding-Aus information can be as ‘Geoff from Armidale’ and his wife joined the fray sporting some serious camera gear. Incidentally Geoff from Armidale if you did get a photo of the birds I would love to get a copy of one of them.

We left them to it and on the way back to the main highway stopped at another likely looking venue where we saw Little Button Quail, Crested Bellbird, Red-backed Fairywren, and another Spinifexbird. The rest of the day was spent travelling til sunset almost to Normanton. Large groups of up to twenty Apostlebirds were regularly seen on the way along with a bunch of other tropical bush birds including an Olive-backed Oriole.

 Day 7, July 11.

Next morning we dropped into Normanton where I Sarus a Crane. See what I did there? Comedy gold. Incidentally Normanton has got to be the worst planned town (apart from Canberra of course) in Australia. Random shops and petrol outlets kilometres apart with no one shop having everything one might need. Made us tour the town and maybe that is the plan. Another gruelling day of driving with a quick stop in at Cumberland Dam where Magpie Geese, Jacanas, Green Pygmy Geese, Yellow, Blue-faced  and Rufous-throated Honeyeater, Plumed Whistling and Wandering Duck, Restless Flycatchers, Blue-winged Kookaburras, and Double Barred Finches were to be had. Eventually we made it to Atherton in the night.

Day 8, July 12.

We made any early start and decided to drop into Lake Eacham for a quick look. In grassland just out of Atherton I finally had my first view of a Buff-Banded Rail a bird I always assumed I would blunder into one day and that day was this day. We also saw a couple of Tawny Grassbirds here. Anyway after circumnavigating the lake we had added substantially to our list. A Pied Monarch being the pick of the bunch and a tick for me.

Afterward we headed up to Kingfisher Park. This was my first visit to the park and it is a must-see for any serious birder. Hosts Keith and Lindsay Fisher are very much in step with all the comings and goings of the local wildlife and have the postal addresses and daily itinerary of many of the hard-to-get tropical bird species. Keith put us onto the resident Papuan Frogmouth. In comparison a Tawney Frogmouth looks like it is wearing a bright orange safety vest. The spotlighting tour of the park that night was fascinating and revealed not only nocturnal birds but mammals and reptiles and frogs as well. We drove to the top of Mt Lewis that afternoon ever hopeful of a Golden Bowerbird but it was cold and wet and generally dark up top and we saw very little. Bower’s Shrike Thrush was nice and a few other bits and pieces more readily available at KFP.

Bush Stonecurlew

We were exhausted to be honest and realised we had pushed too hard and too far to really take in the possibilities of the region and decided that a full blown assault at another time might be a better idea. Nevertheless we did what we could and decided to take a more laid back approach and simply enjoy the time. Who could ever tire of looking at or listening to a Yellow-breasted Boatbill?

Day 9, July 13.

Slept in. Needed some nuclear powered coffee to get going today but by middle of the afternoon was rearing to go. Really wanted to see a Squatter Pigeon and had hoped to pick them up on the way but missed them. Lindsay told us of a small dam out in the dry woodland country up north just past Mt Carbine where Squatter Pigeons are regularly seen. We staked out the dam in the late afternoon and waited. A succession of interesting birds came in for a drink including Pale-headed Rosellas, Galahs, Corellas, various Honey-eaters, Double-barred Finches, Black-throated Finches, and most curious of all the melanota subspecies of the Brown Treecreeper. No Squatter Pigeons though.

Day 10, July 14.
Early morning walk near KFP saw an adult Metallic Starling, apparently unusual at this time of year. Broke camp and drove toward Ingham to visit friends. Stopped off briefly in Cairns Botanic Gardens and picked up Black Butcherbird, Drongo, Figbird and Yellow Oriole to name a few. Rolled into Ingham and stayed with friends.

Day 11, July 15

Down to Townsville stopping in at Paluma on the way. Nice trip up the mountain where we had heard that Golden Bowerbird might be had. We walked a few of the tracks but again it was cold and quiet. In fact on one walk we saw a total of three birds. Not three species – three birds. Very unusual. King Parrots and White-cheeked Honeyeater common enough here.

Once in Townsville decided to put a few kilometres between the coast and ourselves and ended up camped near Winton. As a matter of interest the road between Hughenden and Winton is not interesting. And watch out for the roos there were loads of them here and all bent on bending your vehicle. One of then attempted to suicide on the front of the Paj but fortunately slowed down enough to only give it a spanking and lost a driving light.

Not an interesting road

Day 12, July 16.

Dropped into the Bladensburg National Park in the morning in an attempt to find a Rufous-crowned Emu-wren. Beautiful place and we wandered through hectares of likely looking spinifex to no avail. The grass was swarming with locusts which made birding almost impossible. Nevertheless a place I would like to visit again sometime. There were however plenty of White-browed Woodswallow, Jacky Winter, Spinifex Pigeon, Weebill and Inland Thornbill.

The road south was closed due to heavy rain so we drove to Longreach then down toward Jundah. Right on Sunset came across another of the free camping sites which was one of the best camping sites I have ever had the pleasure of staying in. Set atop a rocky bluff overlooking magnificent acacia woodland interspersed with Spinifex and to top it off; a brilliant sunset.

Owlet Nightjar near camp

Day 13, July 17

Bright and early I headed down into the woodland below for a bit of a squiz and decided that I would take the pressure off and just enjoy the bush and the familiar birds and sort of saunter around in a relaxed way. Naturally I kind of hoped that I might stumble upon a stray grasswren or emu wren in the Spinifex or perhaps a random Night Parrot or two. Nothing big, just wanted to amuse myself is all. Eventually I stumbled into a loose coalition of a dozen different species as you do in the arid bush. Red-capped Robins, Mulga Parrots, Ringnecks, Singing Honey Eater, Hooded Robin, Rufous Whistler, Crested Bellbird, Inland Thornbill, Weebill and best of all a party of Chestnut Breasted Quail Thrush, an unexpected tick for me. Upon returning to the camp I pointed Tait in the direction of the sighting and had breakfast while he attempted to twitch the QTs.  

An hour later he returned but had not seen the QT but as a consolation happened upon Hall’s Babbler and Bourke’s Parrot. Both these would be lifers for me. Damn! There goes the serenity! Back down the hill and into the fray. We wandered around for some time before finally coming across another coalition of birds and I did see the Hall’s Babblers which are really quite distinct from the White-browed when seen in the flesh. But Tait dipped on the CBQT and I on the Bourke’s Parrot. Tait had been to Bowra the year previous and said this venue was like Bowra only better. I have not been to Bowra so cannot comment but that was his opinion. Happy to pass on location details to anyone interested. We also flushed a beautiful Owlet Nightjar from a hollow branch here.

Later that day we continued our journey through the Welford National Park which was a mixed bag of red sand dunes and open woodland. It was brimming with life like the other inland venues we had already visited and covered in wild flowers and birds. We found more Hall’s Babblers here and nearby Chestnut Crowed Babblers as well.

Along the Diamantina road we serendipitously happened upon a group of Chestnut Quail thrush and late in the day I spotted some odd looking parrots landing in a tree. They turned out to be Bourke’s, five in all that flew down next to the road to feed on the verge. No field guide or photo can do justice to the subtle and delicate colours and nature of these exceptional birds. Really quite a treat in the dying rays of last light.

Day 13, July 18,
We wanted to get back into South Oz via Innamincka but were unsure of road conditions as it was pretty obvious that a serious amount of rain had fallen in the region. We headed hopefully into Eromanga where local intelligence informed us that all the roads were almost certainly cut and that only death and suffering awaited us, followed by maniacal laughter.

Oddly enough I have found that most residents of remote locations seem to take some kind of perverse pleasure in passing on vastly exaggerated prognostications on the probable hideous and disfiguring death you will soon endure if you drive through, camp at, walk near, look at or even think about any given locality best known to the resident population. I have found the best source of information is the local caravan park. The grey nomad subculture in particular is really very open and friendly and they are way more than happy to help out. There are hundreds, probably even multiple thousands of people out there in this particular group who carry state of the art recovery gear, tyre repair paraphernalia, hospital grade first aid kits and military standard communications devices who are driving around the outback hoping, praying and searching for someone to use their stuff on. For them lost, dying, desperate people in disastrous situations are the stuff of dreams. Their entire existence is validated when they can finally use the gear they have spent thousands of dollars to purchase. The day will come when a fight will break out between rival good Samaritans – mark my words. Anyway the news was good so we pressed on.

At a river crossing we spied a small flock of Flock Bronzies drop to the ground only a few hundred metres form the road. We really wanted to see them up close so decided to walk out on the flood plain after them. The whole place was alive with various birds and we were constantly flushing Songlarks, Pipits, and unidentified Quail on the way. Eventually we flushed the Flockies and watched wheel about at close quarters. 

We made it to Innamincka by night fall after an obligatory visit to the site of the ‘Dig Tree.’ Rereading the tragic story of Bourke and Wills was quite incredible. How could you starve to death in a place like this? Freshwater mussels, yabbies and fish in plenty. Bustards and other edible birds everywhere and offers of help from the Aboriginal people. Speaking of birds I have never seen so many Rufous Night Herons anywhere as we saw all along the Cooper Creek.

We had a miserable night in Innamincka mainly due to the boggy clay in the camping area. Pretty sure I heard a Barking Owl calling which is a bit of a rarity in South Oz. But to see it would have involved snorkelling through mud. 

Day 14, July 19

Camping is fun. But after two weeks it is not fun. We were planning on camping down the Strez at Montecolina but we were covered in mud, unshaven, mad hair and wild eyes. And by now Tait was beginning to stink. So we began to warm to the idea of driving the full 1100 kms to Adelaide in a single day. 1100 doesn’t sound like much but the track was pretty messed up and rutted and in many parts covered by water. But the thought of a warm shower and home cooked food gave us wings.

Speaking of wings Tait really wanted to see a Letter Winged Kite and I knew a site where Steve Potter and I had seen them in 2008. Steve had recently revisited them there and they were still around. The country along the track was similar to the Birdsville with vast wetlands and waterbirds in huge numbers, the dunes were lush with vegetation and the gibber plains knee deep in cover.

We stopped in at the LWK site and it was pretty much as I remember it except for the mud and vegetation. The kites were there however and after they flew over and inspected us they settled down in their roosting tree. Plenty of other raptors at this site as well, Black Kites, Brown falcon, Brown Goshawk, Spotted Harrier and Nankeen Kestrel.

Plenty of Banded Lapwing along the track and conspicuous in their absence were the White-backed Swallow which are normally abundant here. Strange.

Rest of the trip uneventful, just had to avoid being forced into a shelter as a vagrant in Pt Augusta. All up 227 species. For me 17 new Aussie ticks and some great memories. Do yourself a favour and get out there if you can.


David Kowalick

Trip List
1)                  Emu
2)                  Australian Brush-turkey
3)                  Orange‑footed Scrubfowl
4)                  Stubble Quail
5)                  Magpie Goose
6)                  Plumed Whistling-Duck
7)                  Wandering Whistling-Duck
8)                  Black Swan
9)                  Radjah Shelduck
10)               Australian Wood Duck
11)               Green Pygmy‑Goose
12)               Pacific Black Duck
13)               Grey Teal
14)               Pink-eared Duck
15)               Hardhead
16)               Australasian Grebe
17)               Hoary‑headed Grebe
18)               Darter
19)               Little Pied Cormorant
20)               Pied Cormorant
21)               Little Black Cormorant
22)               Great Cormorant
23)               White‑faced Heron
24)               Little Egret
25)               White-necked Heron
26)               Great Egret
27)               Cattle Egret
28)               Striated Heron
29)               Nankeen Night Heron
30)               Glossy Ibis
31)               Australian White Ibis
32)               Straw‑necked Ibis
33)               Royal Spoonbill
34)               Yellow‑billed Spoonbill
35)               Black‑necked Stork
36)               Osprey
37)               Black‑shouldered Kite
38)               Letter‑winged Kite
39)               Black Kite
40)               Whistling Kite
41)               Brahminy Kite
42)               White‑bellied Sea‑Eagle
43)               Spotted Harrier
44)               Marsh Harrier
45)               Brown Goshawk
46)               Wedge‑tailed Eagle
47)               Little Eagle
48)               Brown Falcon
49)               Nankeen Kestrel
50)               Sarus Crane*
51)               Brolga
52)               Buff‑banded Rail*
53)               Purple Swamphen
54)               Dusky Moorhen
55)               Black‑tailed Native‑hen
56)               Eurasian Coot
57)               Australian Bustard
58)               Little Button‑quail
59)               Comb‑crested Jacana
60)               Bush Stone-curlew
61)               Black‑winged Stilt
62)               Red‑necked Avocet
63)               Red‑capped Plover
64)               Inland Dotterel
65)               Black‑fronted Dotterel
66)               Red‑kneed Dotterel
67)               Banded Lapwing
68)               Masked Lapwing
69)               Australian Pratincole
70)               Silver Gull
71)               Gull‑billed Tern
72)               Caspian Tern
73)               Roseate Tern
74)               Rock Dove
75)               Spotted Turtle‑Dove
76)               Brown Cuckoo‑Dove
77)               Emerald Dove
78)               Common Bronzewing
79)               Flock Bronzewing*
80)               Crested Pigeon
81)               Spinifex Pigeon
82)               Diamond Dove
83)               Peaceful Dove
84)               Bar‑shouldered Dove
85)               Wompoo Fruit‑Dove
86)               Topknot Pigeon
87)               Red‑tailed Black‑Cockatoo
88)               Galah
89)               Little Corella
90)               Sulphur‑crested Cockatoo
91)               Cockatiel
92)               Rainbow Lorikeet
93)               Scaly‑breasted Lorikeet
94)               Varied Lorikeet
95)               Australian King-Parrot
96)               Red‑winged Parrot
97)               Pale‑headed Rosella
98)               Australian Ringneck
99)               Blue Bonnet
100)            Swift Parrot
101)            Red‑rumped Parrot
102)            Mulga Parrot
103)            Budgerigar
104)            Bourke's Parrot *
105)            Horsfield's Bronze‑Cuckoo
106)            Shining Bronze‑Cuckoo
107)            Southern Boobook
108)            Barn Owl
109)            Papuan Frogmouth*
110)            Spotted Nightjar
111)            Australian Owlet‑nightjar
112)            White‑rumped Swiftlet
113)            Azure Kingfisher
114)            Laughing Kookaburra
115)            Blue‑winged Kookaburra
116)            Forest Kingfisher
117)            Red‑backed Kingfisher
118)            Sacred Kingfisher
119)            Rainbow Bee‑eater
120)            White‑throated Treecreeper
121)            Brown Treecreeper
122)            Variegated Fairy‑wren
123)            White‑winged Fairy‑wren
124)            Red‑backed Fairy‑wren
125)            Grey Grasswren*
126)            Carpentarian Grasswren*
127)            Eyrean Grasswren*
128)            Thick‑billed Grasswren
129)            Kalkadoon Grasswren*
130)            Striated Pardalote
131)            Yellow‑throated Scrubwren
132)            Atherton Scrubwren
133)            Large‑billed Scrubwren
134)            Rufous Fieldwren
135)            Weebill
136)            Brown Gerygone
137)            Inland Thornbill
138)            Chestnut‑breasted Whiteface*
139)            Banded Whiteface*
140)            Red Wattlebird
141)            Spiny‑cheeked Honeyeater
142)            Silver‑crowned Friarbird
143)            Little Friarbird
144)            Blue‑faced Honeyeater
145)            Yellow‑throated Miner
146)            Macleay's Honeyeater
147)            Lewin's Honeyeater
148)            Yellow‑spotted Honeyeater
149)            Graceful Honeyeater
150)            Bridled Honeyeater*
151)            Singing Honeyeater
152)            Yellow Honeyeater
153)            Grey‑headed Honeyeater
154)            Grey‑fronted Honeyeater
155)            White‑plumed Honeyeater
156)            White‑throated Honeyeater
157)            Brown Honeyeater
158)            White‑cheeked Honeyeater
159)            Rufous‑throated Honeyeater
160)            Pied Honeyeater
161)            Dusky Honeyeater
162)            Crimson Chat
163)            Orange Chat
164)            White‑fronted Chat
165)            Jacky Winter
166)            Red‑capped Robin
167)            Hooded Robin
168)            Pale‑yellow Robin
169)            Grey‑headed Robin
170)            Hall's Babbler*
171)            Chestnut‑crowned Babbler
172)            Eastern Whipbird
173)            Chirruping Wedgebill
174)            Cinnamon Quail‑thrush
175)            Chestnut‑breasted Quail‑thrush*
176)            Crested Bellbird
177)            Rufous Whistler
178)            Little Shrike‑thrush
179)            Bower's Shrike‑thrush*
180)            Grey Shrike‑thrush
181)            Yellow‑breasted Boatbill
182)            Spectacled Monarch
183)            Pied Monarch*
184)            Restless Flycatcher
185)            Magpie-lark
186)            Rufous Fantail
187)            Grey Fantail
188)            Willie Wagtail
189)            Spangled Drongo
190)            Black‑faced Cuckoo‑shrike
191)            White‑winged Triller
192)            Yellow Oriole
193)            Olive‑backed Oriole
194)            Figbird
195)            White‑breasted Woodswallow
196)            White‑browed Woodswallow
197)            Black‑faced Woodswallow
198)            Black Butcherbird
199)            Pied Butcherbird
200)            Australian Magpie
201)            Pied Currawong
202)            Victoria's Riflebird
203)            Australian Raven
204)            Little Crow
205)            Torresian Crow
206)            Apostlebird
207)            Great Bowerbird
208)            Richard's Pipit
209)            House Sparrow
210)            Zebra Finch
211)            Double-barred Finch
212)            Black‑throated Finch*
213)            Crimson Finch
214)            Red‑browed Finch
215)            Chestnut-breasted Mannikin
216)            Mistletoebird
217)            Welcome Swallow
218)            Tree Martin
219)            Fairy Martin
220)            Tawny Grassbird
221)            Little Grassbird
222)            Spinifexbird*
223)            Rufous Songlark
224)            Brown Songlark
225)            Silvereye
226)            Metallic Starling
227)            Common Myna

* - ticks

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